Understanding the Skin and Skin Ageing

Skin is the largest organ of the human body accounting for 12 – 16% of body weight. It consists of 70% water, 25.5% protein along with lipids and various minerals.

The skin is comprised of three layers, an outer layer (epidermis), inner layer (dermis) and a deeper third layer (sub cutis). It is in the deep third layer where new cells grow and push upward toward the skin surface. 

The dermis consists of a dense meshwork of two large proteins; collagen and elastin, which together are responsible for skin elasticity, tone and texture. Their large size makes absorption of these two molecules through the surface of the skin difficult. It is therefore from the inside that collagen and elastin are involved with the regeneration of skin.

Ageing of the skin begins at around 25 years as the natural regeneration process slows. Thinning of the skin begins at about 45 years due in part to hormonal changes and continues to be exacerbated by exposure to UV light and environmental pollutants. Nutritional and other lifestyle factors also play a role. 

The process of thinning makes skin more vulnerable to damage as the collagen coils and elastin suffer cuts and cross-linking damage resulting in skin strength loss.  Additionally, GAG levels decrease, resulting in progressively dryer and looser skin. The breakdown of elastin causes wrinkles. By the age of 60, collagen levels in skin are at extreme lows.

Indications for Use and Supporting Research of Marine Collagen

Marine collagen and associated proteins are widely used as orally administered supplements for skin, nail and hair health. The underlying principle is that hair, skin and nails are nourished from within the body by providing the skin dermis cells with the nutritional building blocks (in the form of essential and non – essential amino acids) for collagen formations and glycosaminoglucans (GAG’s) to trap moisture.

Vida Glow’s Marine Collagen Powder

Vida Glow’s marine collagen powder provides a full range of essential and non – essential amino acids in the form of proteins and peptides. Our manufacturing processes avoid methods known to disrupt native collagen forms, such as chemicals.

Collagen

Collagen is the structural fibrous protein found in tissues such as cartilage, tendon, bone, teeth, blood vessels and skin where high tensile strength and/or flexibility is required. It is comprised of triple protein strands arranged into helical rods known as triple helix that are further strengthened by cross links. It is this structure that makes collagen one of the strongest proteins found in nature.

Amino Acids – The Building Blocks of Collagen

Most amino acids can be synthesized within the body. However, there are a group of eight essential amino acids that cannot, and must be obtained from the diet. These essential amino acids are required for completing the peptide chains necessary to form the triple helix of collagen. These are present in measureable amounts in Vida Glow’s marine collagen powder.

AMINO ACID

MG/G **

Alanine

30.5

Arginine

38.9

Aspartic Acid

40.9

Cysteine

27.8

Glutamic Acid

67.5

Glycine

70.7

Histadine

9.58

Isoleucine

14.9

Leucine

30.4

Lysine

26.8

Methionine

5.3

Phenylalanine

22.0

Proline

37.4

Hydroxyproline

29.8

Serine

22.0

Threonine

19.9

Tryptophan

2.14

Tyrosine

11.9

Valine

17.0

 

*Specialised analysis. Not routinely tested. ** As this is a natural product levels will vary.

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